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Language Development and its Relationship with Emotional Development in Early Childhood

Children apparently have an inherent ability to form words and sentences essential for communication. There are linguists who believe that language learning is an innate skill. That children are predisposed to learning and understanding their mother tongue. 

In 1960, Noam Chomsky, gave a controversial theory. He said that every child is born with a device that helps them in understanding and acquitting their mother tongue. But there is not enough evidence to support his claims from both neuroscience and language acquisition research.

Children learn language by experiencing the world around them. The Language and Emotional development happens in stages which includes-

Infancy to 1 Year

Observed how inquisitive the infant is. Mouth is a tool for the baby and everything that the baby sees goes inside there. Their way of exploring. The infant understands emotions like affection and happiness, but can’t really express them thoughtfully. The infant blabber at this point and encouraging the baby is a key point here.

1 Year to 1.5 Year

The child has around 300 – 400 words in their vocabulary by now. Inducing and motivating them to add more is important at this stage. The child would also pronounce words like adults are pronouncing and imitate anything the adult is speaking. So I have to be on my toes.

1.5 Year to 2 Years

The child starts forming sentences that are somewhat understandable.  The vocabulary increases, but the complete string of sentence formation is still a little tough.

3 Years to 5 Years

Grammar and syntax would increase in these years. More complex sentences were made and said. The child would be more curious and more prone to make lasting opinions.

5 Years to 8 Years

The child’s source of vocabulary no longer is only family. The child would make friends ,and would start communicating to other people. Hence this stage involves learning communication techniques.

Even though every child grows up differently and at their own pace, if the child does not start speaking by 2 years, one should consult a professional about the matter.

Language fluency is taken in 4 sub-topic languages. These sub topics are as important for the building of emotional intelligence of the child. These 4 are 

  1. Speaking 
  2. Listening 
  3. Reading 
  4. Writing

Let’s tackle them one by one.

1. Speaking

Speaking is how and what we say. Speaking fluency is how well the child can articulate their sentences, how quickly they can play with their words, and in turn how well they can keep the emotions of the person they are speaking to in their mind. Important things to increase fluency are talking, hearing, responding and asking. The more questions the child asks, the more fluent they become. The more politely they respond the more emotional intelligence they show.

2. Listening

Speaking and listening go hand in hand. Notice how I did not hear it here. Because hearing is the physiological process of listening. Listening is interpreting what the person is saying and actually understanding. Important things here too are talking and responding, as well as music and singing.

3. Reading

Reading habits are a necessary part of being in this world. Majority of us, when we were younger, vividly remember how fast we used to complete a 700 to 900-page book because of the reading habits that we developed. Story time is important here, as well as encouragement.

4. Writing

Again writing and reading go hand in hand. Encourage the kid to write down words that are not in their vocabulary. 

Mother tongue acquisition is still easy, but the diversity in this world when it comes to languages is a lot. Hence infusing different languages also become this makes the child not confide to one area. Languages can be a lot but the emotion they carry are few fundamentals. The same way there can be different ways of expressing love , by singing, writing, reading prose, but the medium remains language.

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