The therapeutic intervention for the differently – abled typically involves a comprehensive measure to improve bodily functions, identifying potential, and optimizing the strength. These goals can be achieved through treatment procedures which include rehabilitation to promote inclusiveness. Treatment key for the differently-abled often includes an interdisciplinary approach for their holistic well-being, depending solely upon the individualistic needs of the person. The interdisciplinary approach provides an integrated assessment, management, and treatment plan for the differently-abled people by professionals from different disciplines who work individually yet alongside each other for their benefits.
The Three-Dimensional Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation is a very effective interventional procedure in the treatment of the differently-abled. It can occur for a specific period of time and is devised by the mastermind of various experts and rehabilitation workers working from different disciplines. It constitutes specific or several measures to optimize the functioning of the individual. For instance, improving the person’s ability to self-care like eating, drinking, maintaining hygiene and perpetuating it across their interaction with the environment. Rehabilitation also includes making necessary changes in the person’s environment so that it helps in maintaining the improvements in functioning.
There is no conceptual framework for rehabilitation but these three types of rehabilitative measures are often used for improving life satisfaction for the differently-abled. The other anticipated benefits of rehabilitation are:
- Prevention of further loss of functions
- Slowing the rate of loss of function, if any
- Compensation for the loss of function
- Maintenance of current functions
Therapy is one unmatched dimension of rehabilitation that helps in the restoration of compensated functioning and also helps in preventing or slowing down the further deterioration of functions. For example, someone with restricted mobility will greatly benefit from exercise therapy. It will help increase the flexibility of joints, improve motor functioning, posture, balance, and strength. Also therapies like movement therapy, theatre therapy and art therapy can help maintain physiological as well as psychological well-being, and interpersonal relationships of the differently-abled.
Experts include multidisciplinary occupational therapists like speech therapists, physiotherapists, social workers, Orthotists, Prosthetists, and psychologists for educating, training, supporting, counseling, teaching strategies, and techniques to the differently-abled. Therapy has proven to be very helpful in improving the overall cognitive, physical, and emotional wellbeing of the differently-abled.
Teaching, training adaptive aids, and providing information about equipment usage has led to the development of cognitive and motor skills in people with spinal cord injuries and disabilities.
Differently-abled people might have other health complications that need the attention of rehabilitation doctors to prevent impairments and reduce complications. These medical professionals include neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, psychiatrists, ophthalmologists and others who prescribe medication to improve bodily functioning, pain reduction, healing injury, and maintaining overall psychological well being.
Assistive technologies include any item, piece of equipment, or product, whether it is acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities. Assistive devices when customized according to the needs of the individual, keeping in mind their environment, can greatly improve autonomy and participation.
The Assistive Devices can Range from:
- Crutches, wheel-chairs, tricycles, prostheses for people with impaired mobility.
- Hearing aids and implants for those with hearing impairments.
- Ocular devices, magnifiers, audio-books, white canes for the visually impaired.
- Speech synthesizer for people with speech impairments.
- Charts with symbol pictures for people with cognitive impairments.
These unmatched assistive technologies have helped people with disabilities reclaim their confidence and self-control. The technologies have also helped them to easily avail the opportunities present in the society.